Colorectal Cancer

What is Colorectal Cancer?

Colorectal Cancer is cancer that starts in the colon or the rectum, these cancers can also be called colon cancer or rectal cancer depending on where it starts. Cancer starts when cells start to grow out of control and can start anywhere  in the body or spread. Most colorectal cancers start as a growth on the inner lining of the colon or rectum, called a polyp. Not all polyps become cancer, but polyps can change into cancer over the course of 7 years.

Types of Polyps:

  • Adenomatous polyp (adenomas): This is called a pre-cancerous condition because these polyps sometimes change into cancer.
  • Hyperplastic polyps and inflammatory polyps: More common and are not pre-cancerous.

When to get it and what it is:

A colonoscopy is a test that allows your doctor to look at the inner lining of your large intestine (rectum and colon). He /she uses a thin, flexible tube called a colonoscope to look at the colon. A colonoscopy helps find ulcers, colon polyps, tumors, and areas of inflammation or bleeding. Starting at age 50, women and men at average risk, for developing colorectal cancer should get their first colonoscopy.

Types of Tests:

  • Colonoscopy: A longer, flexible tube is used to look at the entire colon and rectum.
  • Stool DNA Test:A sample of stool is checked for certain abnormal sections of DNA (genetic material) from cancer or polyp cells.
  • Double-contrast barium enema: An x-ray test of the colon and rectum.
  • Sigmoidoscopy:A flexible, lighted tube is put into the rectum and lower colon to check for polyps and cancer.
  • Guaic-based fecal occult blood test and fecal immunochemical test:Samples of stool (feces) are checked for blood, which might be a sign of a polyp or cancer.
  • CT colonography: A type of CT scan of the colon and rectum.

Typers of Cancers in the Colon:

Less comon types of tumors in the colon/rectum include:

  • Carcinoid tumors: This starts from specialized hormone-making cells in the intestine.
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs): Start from specialized cells in the wall of colon called the interstitial cells of Cajal. Some are benign and can be found anywhere in the digestive tract.
  • Sarcomas: Start in the blood vessels muscle layers, or other connective tissues in the wall of the colon and rectum.
  • Lymphomas: Cancers of the immune system cells that start in lymph nodes but may also start in the colon, rectum, or other organs.

Most common type:

  • Adenocarcinomas: Start from cells that form glands that make mucus to lubricate the inside of the colon or rectum, this cancer makes up more than 95% of colorectal cancers.

Risk Factors Include:

  • Obesity
  • Physical inactivity
  • Diets high in red and processed meats 
  • Cooking meats in high temperatures 
  • Smoking
  • Heavy alcohol use

How to Help Prevent Colorectal Cancer:

  • Eat your daily vegetables and fruits
  • Increase intensity and amount of physical activity
  • Limit amount of processed and red meats
  • Avoid excessive use of alcohol
  • Avoid obesity
  • Avoid or lower use of tobacco smoking
  • Get recommended amount of Vitamin D and Calcium



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Got Vitamin C?

vita c


Vitamin C is an essential nutrient required by the body for the development and maintenance of scar tissue, blood vessels, and cartilage. Vitamin C is also necessary for creating ATP, dopamine, peptide hormones, and tyrosine. As a powerful antioxidant, vitamin C helps lessen oxidative stress to the body and is thought to lower cancer risk. Vitamin C protects against heart disease by preventing the oxidation of low-density lipoprotein, prevent cataracts, improves the absorption of iron, and plays a part in keeping skin and gums looking nice and healthy. There is also folate in citrus fruits that help to prevent against birth defects such as spina bifida and anencephaly. Organic acids, such as citrate, might also regulate acidity in the body and prevent the loss of calcium from bone. Oranges contain hesperidin, a phytonutrient that, like the flavonoid naringin in grapefruit, may help to maintain the health of brain tissue, possibly by decreasing inflammation or by helping to maintain blood flow. Flavanols and flavanones have recently been found to decrease the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer, which is the fifth leading cause of cancer death in women. Flavones are found in citrus fruits, while flavanols are found in tea, red wine, apples, and grapes.  Limonin from citrus fruits has been found to fight mouth, skin, lung, breast, stomach, and colon cancers. Limonin may also lower cholesterol; human cells exposed to limonin produced less apoprotein B, which is associated with hypercholesterolemia. Citrus fruit has also recently been found to decrease the risk of the most common type of hemorrhagic stroke.

Foods High in Vitamin C:

  • Bell peppers
  • Dark leafy greens
  • kiwifruit
  • Broccoli
  • Berries
  • Citrus fruits
  • Tomatoes
  • Peas
  • Papayas
  • Guavas, etc.

foods vita c

Why It’s Important:

  • Growth and repair of tissue cells
  •  Makes collagen
  • Important protein for skin, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, and blood vessels.
  • Heals wounds
  • Repairs/ maintains bones and teeth

power of vita c


Don’t forget your daily dose of VitaminC!


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SV: Some facts and prevention tips

Sexual Violence

If there was no verbal consent from victim that means no, if victim lacks consciousness or awareness that means no. The use of voluntary or involuntary alcohol and/or drugs still means no. Any unwanted sexual encounter or contact is an act of sexual violence. Sexual Violence is when a sexual act is committed against someone who has not given their consent. Sexual Violence has many types, these include;

  • Complete force or penetration of victim
  • Unwanted sexual contact
  • Non-physical forced penetration- when a person pressures victim or intimidates them into sexual activity
  • Completed or attempted alcohol/drug facilitated penetration
  • Completed or attempted forced acts in which victim is forced to penetrate a perpetrator or someone else
  • Non-contact unwanted sexual experiences


Complete or forced penetration includes completed or attempted unwanted vaginal, oral, or anal insertion through use of threats or physical force bringing physical hard to victim. These include

  • Pinning victims arms
  • Preventing movement or escape with body weight
  • Assaulting victim
  • The use of weapon or threats of weapon

Sexual Violence in the U.S.

  • 46.4% lesbians, 74.9% bisexual women and 43.3% heterosexual women reported sexual violence other than rape during their lifetimes, while 40.2% gay men, 47.4% bisexual men and 20.8% heterosexual men reported sexual violence other than rape during their lifetimes
  • Nearly one in 10 women has been raped by an intimate partner in her lifetime, including completed forced penetration, attempted forced penetration or alcohol/drug-facilitated completed penetration. Approximately one in 45 men has been made to penetrate an intimate partner during his lifetime
  • 91% of the victims of rape and sexual assault are female, and 9% are male
  • In eight out of 10 cases of rape, the victim knew the person who sexually assaulted them
  • 12.3% of women were age 10 or younger at the time of their first rape/victimization, and 30% of women were between the ages of 11 and 17
  • 27.8% of men were age 10 or younger at the time of their first rape/victimization

Prevention Strategies

Sexual violence is a serious problem that can have lasting, harmful effects on victims and their family, friends, and communities. Prevention strategies include developing the attitudes, knowledge, skills, behaviors, and resources necessary to promote individual and community health, safety, and well-being. These strategies should equip the victim with knowledge and awareness in self defense skills. Go out in groups and always let a member know if you will be leaving, have a back up plan – plans change sometimes, trust your instincts, know what you’re drinking, be aware of sudden changes, don’t accept beverages/food from people you don’t know, and if you go out – do not leave your drink unattended.

SexualViolence word cluster



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Be Stigma Free

July is National Minority Mental Health Awareness Month 

1 in 5 Americans live with a mental health condition and each of them has their own story, path and journey that says more about them than their diagnosis. Whether you live with mental illness or are a friend, family member, caregiver or medical professional getting to know a person and treating them with kindness and empathy means far more than just knowing what they are going through. Taking on the challenges of mental health conditions, health coverage and the stigma of mental illness affects all of us. In many communities, however, these problems are increased by less access to care, cultural stigma and lower quality care.  The U.S. House of Representatives designated July as Bebe Moore Campbell National Minority Mental Health Awareness Month back in 2008. This is in honor of the leading African American novelist and journalist, who also was a voice for individuals and families affected by mental Illness.


  • Approximately 1 in 5 adults in the U.S.—43.8 million, or 18.5%—experiences mental illness in a given year.
  • Approximately 1 in 25 adults in the U.S.—10 million, or 4.2%—experiences a serious mental illness in a given year that substantially interferes with or limits one or more major life activities.2
  • Approximately 1 in 5 youth aged 13–18 (21.4%) experiences a severe mental disorder at some point during their life. For children aged 8–15, the estimate is 13%.3
  • 1.1% of adults in the U.S. live with schizophrenia.4
  • 2.6% of adults in the U.S. live with bipolar disorder.5
  • 6.9% of adults in the U.S.—16 million—had at least one major depressive episode in the past year.6
  • 18.1% of adults in the U.S. experienced an anxiety disorder such as posttraumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and specific phobias.7
  • Among the 20.2 million adults in the U.S. who experienced a substance use disorder, 50.5%—10.2 million adults—had a co-occurring mental illness.8


See more at:



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Sports Physical Time!

It’s Sports Physical Time!! From August to ending of October the BFC will have staff traveling out to local villages to get sports physicals done, so don’t wait till it’s the last minute. Call today and schedule your appointment for either your school or employment physical at (907) 543-3773.

sports phys

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